Fruit Products Order (FPO), 1995
Fruit Products Order -1955, promulgated under Section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act - 1955, aims at regulating sanitary and hygienic conditions in manufacture of fruit,vegetable products. It is mandatory for all manufacturers of fruit, vegetable products to obtain a license under this Order. To ensure good quality products, manufactured under hygienic conditions, the Fruit Product Order lays down the minimum requirements for:
1. Sanitary and hygienic conditions of premises, surrounding and personnel.
2. Water to be used for processing.
3. Machinery and equipment.
4. Product standards.
Besides this, maximum limits of preservatives, additives and contaminants have also been specified for various products.
This order is implemented by Ministry of Food Processing Industries through the Directorate of Fruit & Vegetable Preservation at New Delhi. The Directorate has four regional offices located at Delhi.The Directorate has four regional offices located at Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai, as well as sub-offices at Lucknow and Guwahati. The officials of the Directorate undertake frequent inspections of the manufacturing units and draw random amples of products from the manufactures and markets which are analyzed in the laboratories to test their conformity with the specid=fications laid under FPO.
The Central Fruit Advisory Committee comprising of the officials of concerned Government Departments, Technical experts, representatives of Central food Technology Research Institute, Bureau of Indian standards, Fruits and Vegetable Products and processing Industry, is responsible for recommending amendments in the Fruit Product Order, In view of the demands of the industry, and the liberalised economic scenario, major amendments were made in FPO during 1997.
Meat Food Products Order (MFPO)
Meat Food Products Order, 1973 (MFPO) promulgated under the provisions of Essential Commodities Act, 1955 provides for sanitary and other requirements, limits of heavy metals,preservatives, insecticides, residue, etc., for meat food products. This order was being implemented by Ministry of Rural Development in the Ministry of Rural Area & Employment. As on 31st March 1998 there were 128 licenses issued under MFPO 1973.As per the recent amendment to the Allocation of Business, Ministry of Agriculture (Deptt. of Agriculture & Cooperation) would now be the Administrative Ministry for this Order.
Milk & Milk Products Order (MMPO)
Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992 administered by the Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying under Ministry of Agriculture was promulgated on 9th June, 1992 under the provision of Section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 with a view to maintain an increased supply of liquid milk of desired quality to the general public. This order regulated production, supply and distribution of milk and milk products throughout the country. The order also seeks to ensure the observance of sanitary requirements for dairies, machinery and premises, and quality control standards for milk and milk products. So far, 254 registration certificates under MOP, 1992 has been issued by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
The term Codex Alimentarius is taken from Latin and means food code. Codex Alimentarius brings together all the interested parties -scientists, technical experts, governments, consumers and industry representatives to help develop standards for food manufacturing and trade. these standards, guidelines and recommendations are recognized worldwide for their vital role in protecting the consumer and facilitating international trade. As Codex Alimentarius represent a consenus of food and trade experts from around the world, these standards are more and more being used in international trade negotiations and also for setting of disputes by WTO
The Codex contract Point in India is the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) in the Ministry of Health; however, the Ministry of Food processing Industries is closely associated with the activities of Codex Alimentarious. Under the Plan schemes, a scheme for setting up of Codex Monitoring Cell in the Ministry with the allocations of Rs.58.00 lakhs in 1998-99 has been formulated for creating data base, technical examination of various standards in association with experts.
A delegation led by a senior officer of this Ministry Participated in the meeting of the Codex Committee on food Labeling at Ottawa from 25th to 29th May, 1998.
Another Officer from this Ministry was Member of the Indian delegation for the meeting of the Codex Committee on General Principles held at Paris, France from 7th to 11th September, 1998.
the Ministry cleared a proposal for release of Rs.59.2 lakhs to Food Research and Analysis Center, New Delhi for upgradation of its Food Analysis and Quality Control Laboratory for analysis of food products. The main objective of the proposal is to upgrade the existing analytical laboratory and bring it on par with any other modern analytical laboratory in the country.
During the year under review, the Ministry cleared a proposal in principle for release of 12.32 lakhs to CCS Haryana Agriculture University, Hissar for upgradation of quality control and food analysis laboratory of the Department of Food Science and Technology of the university. The main objective of the proposal are to provide quality assurance and analytical services to the food processing industries, to undertake micro biological examination of various pathogen and mycotoxins and to estimate nutritional parameters including minerals, vitamins, food value in calories, protein carbohydrates, fats etc.
Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACK)
Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACK) is an important quality assurance system. This system ensures that the products are safe and of good quality. The system is extremely desirable in view of the changing scenario in the International trade. The Ministry provides grant of 50% subject to a limit of Rs.10 lakhs towards the cost of implementing Total Quality Management (TQM) including HACCP and ISO-9000 certifications.
This Ministry sponsored a one-day seminar and five day training programme organised by APEDA from 30th November to 5th December 1998 in collaboration with NSF-International strategic Registration Limited, USA, which is the main authority for certifying HACCP-9000. HACCP is an important requirement for ensuring the quality of products from health and safety aspects and is crucial for exports.