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Solar-Powered LCD from Sharp

By ellamey · October 10, 2008 · 0 Comments ·

Solar-Powered LCD from Sharp

Solar-Powered LCD from Sharp

LCD display manufacturers are busy implementing and strategizing bigger LCDs in the market. On a different take, at the CEATEC trade expo, Sharp showed off 52-inch LCD TV that was solar-powered to usher green technology.

The 52-inch LCD display also has an LED-backlight and proudly stands in front of a solar floor panel that powers it. The design and solar panel placement doesn t seem to be viable on commercial grounds. Even if it is, the placement of solar panel in the front would be quite awkward.

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AirTel Launches Digital TV

By ellamey · October 10, 2008 · 0 Comments ·

After Reliance, AirTel has also jumped into the fray and is launching their Direct-To-Home (DTH) satellite TV service - Airtel Digital TV, on October 9th.

Airtel Digital TV will be available in 62 cities in the first phase through 21000 Airtel retail and relationship centers. With over 175 channels, the packages will start from Rs. 2499 for a six-month subscription in which the channel price band will range from Rs. 99 to Rs. 424.

Airtel Digital TV will use MPEG4 standard with DVB S2 technology. The system is claimed to be HD ready and expected to deliver quality interactive content.

The set top box will bundle with a universal remote. The dish antenna is 20% larger than the conventional antenna for better performance during adverse weather conditions.

Airtel Digital TV also boasts of high set top box memory for new interactive applications such as iMatinee (cinema ticketbooking), iTravel (browse and book travel packages), iShop (tele-shopping), iCity (city information guide) and Widgets (stocks) along with eight screen iNews and iSports with 2/4 screens.

Apart from this, other features such as Worldspace Radio content, new games every six weeks and on screen account meter are packaged with the Digital TV.

Airtel has to show difference in their product and services to stand strong amongst existing DTH segment players like Tata Sky, Zee Dish TV, Sun Direct DTH and Reliance Big TV. The DTH segment in India is slowly firing up and is leading to stiff competition for the local cable TV operators.

Filed in: hot-news
Tagged with: airtel, add-new-tag

Alians in Earth

By ellamey · October 4, 2008 · 0 Comments ·

Real Alien Pictures Outside

One of the all time best pictures of aliens on earth, the set of four photos show the extraterrestrials roaming the country side in Mexico unaware of the brave person behind the camera. We have no further information on these pictures as far as the date they were taken or the person taking the pictures.

Pictures of the Alien Autopsy at Roswell, NM-1947

The case of Roswell New Mexico, or better known as Area 51, has been subject to controversy for years with no clear explanation. While there are dozens of witness testimonials about a UFO crash landing that looked like a flying sauser near Roswell in Corona, NM the Air Force and US Government used the time tested excuse of "it was just a weather baloon". Though in a report from Lt. Walter Haut from the Air Force in a Roswell news paper he claimed that they had recovered a UFO and several bodys. Not surprisingly that was soon covered up and disappeared off news stands just days later. Then in 1997 they added in the report that there were crash test dummies abord and was probably the reason people witnessed aliens being carried off. Which all seems a little too deceiving to us and the rest of the world to really be just another weather balloon.

Heres the link to the offical report from the Air Force intilted Roswell Report: Case Closed

Small Alien Captured-Mexico

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Not much is known about this photograph but it seems like it was taken in the late 40's or early 50's. As you can see from the picture two men are leading the alien creature away from the public but not trying to really hide the extraterrestrial in any way when they could easily cover the alien with one of there trench coats.

Dead Alien Pictures-Outside China

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The alien in the pic is seen laying on some kind of a table, probably an operating table to do an autopsy, and is badly bruised or burned. The picture of the alien being came from China and is said to have been taken by one of the people working at the time the alien was brought in for study. Presumably the alien was in a crash and did not survive to let the wold know why it was here. Unfortunatly there is very little known as to what happend to the craft that brought the alien to earth as it was quickly covered up by the local authorities.

Living Alien Caught by DNI-USA

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In these two pictures from a film you see an alien, actually looking scared, being interagated by agents working for the Director of National Intelligence. The Director of National Intelligence acts as the principal advisor to the President, the National Security Council, and the Homeland Security Council for intelligence matters related to the national security. The man in the pictures faced has been purposely blured out leading us to assume that he was the one who leaked the picture of the alien.

Alien Picture on Operating Table-nice color

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This picture of an alien shows a great deal of color on the creature which could mean either the alien had only just recently died or hasen't been refrigerated yet. The real strange part though is the cloth thats around the aliens arms and waist. They could have been placed there in an attempt to save the creatures life if it was bleading or cut open but we are unsure exactly what the reason was.

Alien Pictures-From NASA Mars Mission

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In January of 2004 NASA sent two robotic explorers to Mars, Spirit and Opportunity. The mission was to find out if there had previously been water on Mars suggesting life may have been feasible in the past. Spirit sent back this remarkable image of an alien shaped being that of course the US Government is saying was just shadows and rocks. We're a little skeptical so we posted the pictures for the world to see.

Slightly Mangled Alien Picture on Bed-1954

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This is a pretty good picture of an alien lying on what appears to be a hospital bed. The body is in a pretty strange posision like it was just thrown onto the bed recklessly but the main thing We noticed were the feet and toes of the creature and how simalar they apear to be to our own yet still different. Zooming in it looks like they may be something like toes.

Alien Fetus in a Jar

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This is an extreamly popular picture around the net unfortunately We're not certain of it's authenticity. It shows a radioactive sticker on the jar which to me doesn't seem right at all and on top of that the man with the jar is in no protective or even scientific clothing. If you look at the background it appears that this was done in someones house because there is a wooden entertainment center with a tv on it. I would love to say this is a real picture but I'm really not sure. But in light of our relentless movement to find the truth it made it on here anyway just incase.

Picture of an Alien Head and Neck

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In this alien picture you will see the top half of an alien lying on a table with a very clear shot of it's head and neck. The creature looks very old and either beaten up or decomposing. Also it seems that from this angle the extraterrestrial may have some sort of nose cavity which would mean it would have to take in and or expel kinds of gases like us mammals.

Alien Picture Encased In Glass-Mexico 1955

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Taken by Mexican authorities in 1955 this image shocked the world. Before the USA could get to them they released documents and photos of the alien they recovered from a crash landing. Fortunately this picture stayed in the public view and was not confiscated by US intelligence.

Alien Standing on a Hill-Picture Taken from a Distance with Zoom.

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This picture of an alien was taken years back from a long distance away. It is hard to tell if the image is a fake because of how distorted it looks and because we have no hard evidence or testimony about it.

Caged Alien Picture

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This picture of an alien in captivity is of pretty good quality. It's unknown where this facility is but the cage looks like it's not too strong so my guess is the alien is on it's way out and there getting ready to do an autopsy on it. In this picture you can clearly see that the alien has what we assume is ear holes and nostrils which makes this a very informative picture.

Real Dead Alien Picture

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With it's large head and big dark eyes, this picture of an alien seems to be very credible. Once again you can see the simalarity to Homo sapiens with the small nostrils and ribcage. Most likely this is one of the aliens from a number of the crashes around the world. Judging from the wound on it's head it probably didn't survive the impact.

Alien Skull -by Lloyd Pye The Keeper of The Skull

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This skull should be taken very seriously. It has been Carbon Dated and has been found to be over 900 years old. It is a skull like nothing we have ever found before -(say researchers). The eye sockets are larger and less deep then are own, the alien skull has no nostril holes, the bone is much thicker than are's yet weighs half of what a human skull would way. Unfortunately they are having a hard time extracting the DNA to get a sample to find out if it is actually human, alien, or a human-alien hybrid.

Handcuffed Alien Getting into Feds Car

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This alien Picture has been dubbed fake from many sources around the globe but Since it could be a real picture we through it up for everyone to see. In our opinion the head looks fake, but then again we've never been up close and personal with an extraterrestrial so who are we to say.

Accidental Alien Snap Shot-Chile

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An Accidental picture from a lady in Chile. She had no idea the alien was there until after she had the images developed. If you can't see the alien in the picture (Because we didn't either) it's right behind the right side of the left horse and is about two feet tall.

How can adding iron to the oceans slow global warming?

By ellamey · October 4, 2008 · 0 Comments ·

Global warming has become one of the leading issues of the 21st century. As scientists predict more ominous scenarios, like Florida being underwater within decades, people are demanding action.

Enter forward-thinking scientists and companies like Planktos and Climos, who propose adding iron to the world's oceans to reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and, in turn, to decrease temperatures. The idea of dumping iron in the oceans to lower temperatures has been around since the late 1980s and has been known variously as carbon sinking, ocean seeding or iron fertilization.

The premise is act­ually simple. Iron acts as a fertilizer for many plants, and some, like the phytoplankton that form the base of the marine food web, need it to grow. Adding iron to the water stimulates phytoplankton growth, which in turn gobble up carbon dioxide through photosynthesis. The resulting decrease in carbon dioxide is supposed to help reduce temperatures since carbon dioxide is one of the main gases responsible for trapping ­heat on the earth's surface through the greenhouse effect.

Numerous iron dumping trials have been conducted since oceanographer John Martin suggested the idea more than 15 years ago [source: Haiken]. One trial conducted in 2004 indicated that each atom of iron added to the water could draw between 10,000 and 100,000 atoms of carbon out of the atmosphere by encouraging plankton growth [source: Schiermeier]. Some scientists theorize that adding iron to the Southern Ocean alone could reduce carbon dioxide levels by 15 percent [source: Schiermeier].

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Inrtroduction To Share market

By ellamey · October 3, 2008 · 0 Comments ·

Before investing, it is always wise to learn the Basics of Stock Market. We have compiled articles and tutorials on the Share Market Basics. Also included here explanation of Stock Market Terms and jargon  used by people involved in trading stocks and shares. Whether it is Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), National Stock Exchange (NSE), London Stock Exchange (LSE) or New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), trading terms or more or less similar

any of us would like to try our luck in the Stock markets. Yes, Why Not ? Trading stocks is one of the most lucrative methods of making money.

Here's Why :

1. You do not need a lot of money to start making money, unlike buying property and paying a monthly mortgage.

2. It requires very minimal time to trade - unlike building a conventional business. 3.. It’s ‘fast’ cash and allows for quick liquidation (You can convert it to cash easily, unlike selling a property or a business).

4. It’s easy to learn how to profit from the stock market.

But You need to have your basics clear. Unless you do….you will be wasting your time and loosing money. You need to be crystal clear of each and every aspect of Investments, stock options, Stock Trading, Company, Shares, Dividend & Types of Shares, Debentures, Securities, Mutual Funds, IPO, Futures & Options, What does the Share Market consist of? Exchanges, Indices, SEBI , Analysis of Stocks – How to check on what to buy?, Trading Terms (Limit Order, Stop Loss, Put, Call, Booking Profit & Loss, Short & Long), Trading Options – Brokerage Houses  etc.

* Invest Safely through Systematic Investment Plans New

How are your investments doing?

Stocks & Shares Education Centre
What is a share ?

Different Kinds of Investment

What exactly are Investments?
What is a Demat Account ?

What are Premium Issues ?

Primary & Secondary Markets
Stock Options Defination

Investing Vs. Trading

Stock Broker
Online Stock /Share Trading

Stock Market Tips

How Stock Market Works ?
You Buy Prices Fall - Article

Stock Market Myths

What is a Bull Market ?
What is Technical Analysis ?     Saving VS. Investing     What are Dividents ?
NET ASSET VALUE (NAV)     Do you have a Trading Plan ?     Common Trading Mistakes

IPO - Initial Public Offering

What is the IPO Scam all about ?
What is Active Share ?
AGM - Annual General Meeting     After Tax     AD Index - Advance Decline Index
Aging Schedule     Stock Options Trading - Safer Bet

Filed in: market-watch


By ellamey · October 3, 2008 · 0 Comments ·


Exotic yet authentic just as the yellow chilli, The Yellow Chilli chain consists of casual dining restaurants with a five-star feel and promises all food lovers a journey of North West Frontier Cuisine with exotic picks from the regions of Punjab and the Mughal Era, at a popular pricing.

A dining experience at The Yellow Chilli will make you believe that exclusivity with a touch of simplicity is important in the creation of every delicious dish. Along with the assurance of a wide range of delectable dishes and an immaculate service, a meal at any of The Yellow Chilli restaurants inspires interactive dining.

The Yellow Chilli restaurants are presently at Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Amritsar, New Delhi, Noida, Panchkula, Guwahati, Sahibabad, Greater Noida, Surat and Pune. Shortly they are scheduled to open at Hyderabad and Bangalore.


TYC - Guwahati
Mridul Properties Pvt. Ltd.,
Hub, G.S Road,
Guwahati - 781 005
TYC - Ghaziabad
S/5-6, 2nd Floor,
Pacific Mall, Kaushambi,
Sahibabad, Ghaziabad,
U.P.- 201 012

TYC - Noida
Elite Sales Pvt. Ltd.,
J-56, Sector-18,
Noida, U.P.
TYC - Ludhiana
32-C, SCF Sarabha Nagar,
Main Market,

TYC - Jalandhar
Hotel Residency,
Garha Road,
Near Bus Stand,
Jalandhar-141 001.
TYC - Amritsar
405, Basant Avenue,

TYC - City Park New Delhi
Hotel Citypark, K.P Block,
New Delhi -110 034.
TYC - Panchkula Haryana

TYC - Greater Noida
S-4, Gama Shopping Complex,
Jagat Singh Farm Market,
Greater Noida,
TYC- Pune
Sanskruti Lifestyle
Lane No.7,
Koregaon Park,
Pune. 411001

Filed in: food-and-diet

Food Nutrients

By ellamey · October 3, 2008 · 0 Comments ·


Ever wondered about the components of your food that would provide you with good health? Well, here is some information that will not only help you know your nutrients but also tell you where to get its daily dose.

What’s the nutrient?Why do I need it?Where do I find it?
CarbohydratesConsidered to be “energy providers”. Provide fuel for the functioning of each and every cell. Vital organs (heart and brain) function due to the energy they provide.All cereals e.g. wheat, rice, bajra, millets, sugar, jaggery, honey, root vegetables like potatoes, yam, sweet potatoes.
ProteinsConsidered as the “building blocks of life”. Amino acids join to make up your hair, nails and muscles. Building of new cells and tissues make use of proteins as raw material. Repair of tissues that are worn out. All the fluids of the body i.e. blood, hormones, milk, enzymes, mucus and sperms are made of proteins. Antibodies, the soldiers that fight infections are protein based. When energy required is more, the body proteins are broken down, though it is not a preferred source.Non-vegetarian foods like meat, fish, and eggs. Vegetarian foods like cereals and pulses especially soya bean, milk and milk products and nuts
FatNormal growth and development require fatty acids to be present in the diet. It can also be used as a source of energy. Source of fat soluble vitamins A, D, E and K.Both vegetable and animal foods will help you meet the requirement of fat. Vegetable sources: Sunflower oil, safflower oil, groundnut oil, and coconut oil, nuts and oilseeds.Animal sources: Butter and ghee.

Vitamins And Minerals

They are required in small quantities but play a big role in determining the health of an individual. Hidden within the foods you eat, they go on with their task of keeping one free from disease. Revealed here are the secrets present in food for a healthy life.


What’s the nutrient?Why do I need it?Where do I find it?
Vitamin AFor proper eyesight. Keeps the mucus membranes healthy. Provides resistance to infections.Yellow –orange coloured fruits (papaya, mango) and vegetables (carrots, pumpkins), green leafy vegetables, fish liver oil, liver, whole milk products (yogurt, cream, butter, and ghee).
Vitamin DTo provide health and strength to the bones and teeth. For the uptake of calcium from the diet.Exposure to sunlight activates a form of vitamin D lying beneath the skin.Foods fortified with vitamin D like milk and butter.
Vitamin EWorks as an antioxidant to protect the cells from free radical damage. Required for normal reproductive growth.Nuts like almonds, egg yolk, wheat germ, vegetable oils, green leafy vegetables.
Vitamin KIt is required for normal blood clotting. It controls bleeding and hemorrhage.Green leafy vegetables, wheat bran, cheese and egg yolk.
Vitamin B 1
Metabolism of carbohydrates to release energy. Needed for proper functioning of nervous system.Grains like rice, whole wheat. Also made by the bacteria in the intestines.
Vitamin B 2 (Riboflavin)Required by the cells to release energy. Determines health of eyes and their sensitivity to light. Deficiency causes fissures to occur at corner of mouth, nose and ears.Yeast, green leafy vegetables, whole grains, peas, milk and milk products, organ meats and eggs.
Vitamin B 3 (Niacin)Deficiency causes skin disorders, problems of the nervous system, depression, diarrhea and in severe cases death.Whole grains, legumes, peas, nuts, meat, fish, poultry and milk.
Vitamin B 6 (Pyridoxine)Essential for maintaining the normal hormone levels. Important for the development of the nervous system. Involved in metabolizing fat and carbohydrate in the body.Milk, egg yolk.
Vitamin B 12Raw material used to make red blood cells that are carriers of oxygen to the body.Liver and kidney are the best sources besides milk, eggs, meat, cheese, yeast and seafood.
Vitamin CNeeded to heal wounds and repair tissues. Protects against infections.Richest source is amla followed by citrus fruits like oranges, sweet lime.
Folic AcidThey are essential components needed to make red blood cells. Deficiency leads to anemia that is life threatening. Functions as a co-enzyme within the bodyGreen leafy vegetables, asparagus, broccoli, fruits, yeasts, non-vegetarian foods.
BiotinRequired to mmetabolise carbohydrates and fat.Liver, kidney, egg yolk and most vegetables.


What’s the nutrient?Why do I need it?Where do I find it?
CalciumFormation of strong bones and teeth. Muscle contraction. Proper functioning of nervous system. Regulates functioning of the heart. Helps in clotting of blood.Milk and milk products, sesame seeds, garden cress seeds, pulses like soya bean, cereals like ragi.
PhosphorousRequired for developing bones and teeth. For cell functioning. Regulates acid base balance in the body.Milk, cheese, egg yolk, meat, fish, poultry, whole grains, legumes and nuts.
IronPart of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to all the cells of the body. Needed for improving the immunity as well as cognitive (Intelligence and memory) performance.Organ meats, green leafy vegetables, dried dates.
Sodium and PotassiumEssential to maintain the balance of body water. Regulates muscle contractions and sending messages through the nervous system. Maintenance of normal acid- base balance. Maintenance of normal muscular function.Common salt is the common source for sodium. Besides all cereals, pulses, vegetables and fruits provide it provide both sodium and potassium.
IodineRequired for the normal functioning of the thyroid gland that produces thyroid hormones. Controls the metabolic rate of the body. Affects the growth rate. Affects neuromuscular function. Influences reproductive functions.Common salt, sea food, foods grown on iodine rich soil.
ZincNeeded for skin integrity and immunity. Part of many enzymes and insulin.Milk, liver, shellfish, wheat bran.
SeleniumAssociated with fat metabolism. Works as an antioxidant along with vitamin E.Grains, meat, milk, and vegetables like onion.
MagnesiumNeeded for protein synthesis. Plays a role in nerve functioning. Needed for enzymes to work. Calcium is needed for muscle contraction whereas magnesium is needed for relaxation. Hence, both are important for heart muscle functioning.Nuts, legumes, whole cereal grain and dark green vegetables.
ChromiumRequired for normal glucose metabolism.Corn oil, Whole grain, cereals and meats.
ManganeseActivator of enzymesBeet greens, berries, whole grains, nuts, legumes, fruits, tea.
CopperCardiovascular and skeletal integrity Central nervous system structure and function. Hair keratinization and pigmentation.Liver, shellfish, whole grains, cherries, legumes, chicken, oysters, chocolates, nuts.

Filed in: food-and-diet

Rajinikanth's Kuselan has collected Rs 88.14 lakh on 17 screens in UK

By ellamey · October 3, 2008 · 0 Comments ·

Superstar Rajinikanth’s Tamil film Kuselan crossed the 1 lakh pounds mark in its opening weekend, overtaking all Hindi films running in UK this weekend. The sole Hindi release, Ugli Aur Pagli is below expectations in UK. Last week’s Mission Istanbul and Money Hai Toh Honey Hai went downwards.

Kuselan debuted at No. 12th position and in its opening weekend, the film has collected Rs 88.14 lakh on 17 screens in UK only. In the US, the Box Office reports are very positive and the tickets for the second week shows already been sold out in most of the cities in US and Canada.

Rajinikanth,Nayanthara -Kuselan stills

A Note on Radiation Processing of food

By ellamey · October 3, 2008 · 0 Comments ·

rradiation technology is widely used in scientific as well as commercial applications in the field of agriculture and animal science, pharmaceuticals and medical science etc. One of the important applications of the radiation technology in the services of mankind is post harvest handling and management of foods. Food Irradiation involves treating certain types of foods with ionizing energy or radiation. Radiation processing of food strengthens food conservation, improves food hygiene and helps food exports overcome quarantine barriers. It facilitates packing, storage, transport and distribution of foods.

Uses of Radiation processing of foods


1. Extension of shelf-life of food products by killing micro-organisms causing spoilage.
2. Enhancement of safety by killing food borne pathogens and parasites.
3. Inhibiting sprouting in tubers, bulbs and rhizomes.
4. Delaying ripening of fruits.
5. Destroying insect pests in stored product and fruits.

Food irradiation has been thoroughly and extensively studied in order to ensure its toxicological, Nutritional and microbiological safety. The data available from the world wide research including that from India over the last four decades were jointly reviewed by the experts of WHO and FAO Expert Committee on the Wholesomeness of Irradiated Food, convened in Geneva concluded that any food irradiated up to a maximum of 10 kg is safe for human consumption. Independent technical and scientific committees constituted by several countries including Canada, Denmark, France, India, Sweden, the U.K. European Economic Community (EEC) and, the USFDA have declared that irradiated food is safe for human consumption.

Three international agencies the World Health Organisation and the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations, and the International Atomic Energy Agency accept the safety and usefulness of food irradiation. The process is also endorsed by the American Medical Association, the Scientific Committee of the European Union, and the American Spice Trade Association, Spice Board of India, APEDA (GOI), Ministry of Food Processing Industries (GOI), Ministry of Health, among others.

Current Status

Over 42 countries in the world including developed countries like USA, Canada, UK, France as well as developing countries like Bangladesh and Thailand have given clearance for radiation processing of Food. The Government of India has also permitted use of irradiation technology in preservation of food items such as potato, onion, rice, semolina (sooji or raws), Wheat atta or maida, mango, rasins, dried dates, ginger, garlic, shallots (small onion) and meat products including chicken.

In India, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has done extensive R&D work on preservation of foods by radiation. Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology (BRIT) of the Min. of Atomic Energy has set up a facility for radiation processing of spices at Navi Mumbai. BARC is also setting up the first demonstration plant for radiation processing of onions and potatoes at Lasal Gaon in Nasik Distt. of Maharashtra. It is proposed to use the same plant for low dose radiation processing of other foods with alterations in throughput and source utilization efficiency.

The Min. of food processing industries (MFPI) has interest in radiation processing technology as a means of preservation of perishable fruits & vegetables, pest control and enhancement of quality. The MFPI is now encouraging entrepreneurs for setting up of facilities for radiation processing of foods in private sector.

Cost of Irradiated Food

The cost of food depends upon many variables, and one of them is cost of processing. But processing results into a number of benefits to consumers in terms of availability, storage life, distribution and improved hygiene of food. Irradiation can have a stabilizing effect on market price of foods by reducing storage losses resulting in increased availability of produce. Irradiation cost may range from Rs. 0.25 to 0.50 per kg. for a low dose application such as sprout inhibition of potato and onion and insect disinfestations in cereals and pulses to Rs. 1-3 per kg. for high dose application such as treatment of spices for microbial decontamination. The cost could be brought down in a multipurpose facility treating a variety of products around the year.

Irradiation clearance by Various Countries


Africa & Bangladesh









South Africa

South Korea











United States




Czech Rep.









Russian Federation



United Kingdom


Technology/assistance available

Public sector undertaking/private sector/ cooperative/individual entrepreneurs/industrialist desirous of setting up of irradiation facility/demonstration plant in India may approach the following:


o Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) : BARC is the Nodal agency for assistance and guidance on processed technology. BARC/BIRT may be approached for information on availability, cost and possible alternative of essential/critical machinery, pollution and other environmental aspects, utilization/disposal of radioisotopes. Guidance on legal and regulatory aspects, techno-economic advantages, project configuration, financing and other relevant aspects, can also be obtained from them. BARC will also provide help in standardization of dosimeter procedure and carrying out of dosimeter. BARC/BRIT can provide training to the staff on one of the existing plant on various aspects of operation and safety.


o Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology (BRIT):BRIT also provides technological inputs and guidance for formulation of irradiation projects. It has set up a plant at Indore (Centre for Advanced Technology) based on electron radiation, and has the capacity to set up the irradiation processing plant totally indigenously.


o Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MFPI):MFPI is willing to support food processing by radiation in the public & private to promote the commercial use of technology in India. Under Component 1 of the Plan Scheme for Development of Infrastructure facilities, financial assistance in the form of a loan will be provided to a private sector organisation to the extent of 50% of the cost of capital equipment and technical civil works upto Rs.50 lakhs in general areas and upto Rs.75 lakhs in difficult areas.

Under Component 2 of the said scheme financial assistance in the form of grant will be provided to the entrepreneurs upto Rs.4 crores for creation of common facility in a food park, such as cold chain, quality control lab. effluent disposal unit and the like, of which, common irradiation facility may be one.

* Agricultural & Processed Foods Export Development Authority (APEDA) Under the Plan Scheme of APEDA,financial assistance to the extent of 50% of the cost subject to a ceiling of Rs.50 lakhs per beneficiary is given for setting up of irradiation facilities.

Filed in: food-and-diet


By ellamey · October 3, 2008 · 0 Comments ·

Fruit Products Order (FPO), 1995

Fruit Products Order -1955, promulgated under Section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act - 1955, aims at regulating sanitary and hygienic conditions in manufacture of fruit,vegetable products. It is mandatory for all manufacturers of fruit, vegetable products to obtain a license under this Order. To ensure good quality products, manufactured under hygienic conditions, the Fruit Product Order lays down the minimum requirements for:

1. Sanitary and hygienic conditions of premises, surrounding and personnel.

2. Water to be used for processing.

3. Machinery and equipment.

4. Product standards.

Besides this, maximum limits of preservatives, additives and contaminants have also been specified for various products.

This order is implemented by Ministry of Food Processing Industries through the Directorate of Fruit & Vegetable Preservation at New Delhi. The Directorate has four regional offices located at Delhi.The Directorate has four regional offices located at Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Chennai, as well as sub-offices at Lucknow and Guwahati. The officials of the Directorate undertake frequent inspections of the manufacturing units and draw random amples of products from the manufactures and markets which are analyzed in the laboratories to test their conformity with the specid=fications laid under FPO.

The Central Fruit Advisory Committee comprising of the officials of concerned Government Departments, Technical experts, representatives of Central food Technology Research Institute, Bureau of Indian standards, Fruits and Vegetable Products and processing Industry, is responsible for recommending amendments in the Fruit Product Order, In view of the demands of the industry, and the liberalised economic scenario, major amendments were made in FPO during 1997.

Meat Food Products Order (MFPO)

Meat Food Products Order, 1973 (MFPO) promulgated under the provisions of Essential Commodities Act, 1955 provides for sanitary and other requirements, limits of heavy metals,preservatives, insecticides, residue, etc., for meat food products. This order was being implemented by Ministry of Rural Development in the Ministry of Rural Area & Employment. As on 31st March 1998 there were 128 licenses issued under MFPO 1973.As per the recent amendment to the Allocation of Business, Ministry of Agriculture (Deptt. of Agriculture & Cooperation) would now be the Administrative Ministry for this Order.

Milk & Milk Products Order (MMPO)

Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992 administered by the Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying under Ministry of Agriculture was promulgated on 9th June, 1992 under the provision of Section 3 of the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 with a view to maintain an increased supply of liquid milk of desired quality to the general public. This order regulated production, supply and distribution of milk and milk products throughout the country. The order also seeks to ensure the observance of sanitary requirements for dairies, machinery and premises, and quality control standards for milk and milk products. So far, 254 registration certificates under MOP, 1992 has been issued by the Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying.

Codex Alimentarius

The term Codex Alimentarius is taken from Latin and means food code. Codex Alimentarius brings together all the interested parties -scientists, technical experts, governments, consumers and industry representatives to help develop standards for food manufacturing and trade. these standards, guidelines and recommendations are recognized worldwide for their vital role in protecting the consumer and facilitating international trade. As Codex Alimentarius represent a consenus of food and trade experts from around the world, these standards are more and more being used in international trade negotiations and also for setting of disputes by WTO

The Codex contract Point in India is the Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) in the Ministry of Health; however, the Ministry of Food processing Industries is closely associated with the activities of Codex Alimentarious. Under the Plan schemes, a scheme for setting up of Codex Monitoring Cell in the Ministry with the allocations of Rs.58.00 lakhs in 1998-99 has been formulated for creating data base, technical examination of various standards in association with experts.

A delegation led by a senior officer of this Ministry Participated in the meeting of the Codex Committee on food Labeling at Ottawa from 25th to 29th May, 1998.

Another Officer from this Ministry was Member of the Indian delegation for the meeting of the Codex Committee on General Principles held at Paris, France from 7th to 11th September, 1998.

Food Quality

the Ministry cleared a proposal for release of Rs.59.2 lakhs to Food Research and Analysis Center, New Delhi for upgradation of its Food Analysis and Quality Control Laboratory for analysis of food products. The main objective of the proposal is to upgrade the existing analytical laboratory and bring it on par with any other modern analytical laboratory in the country.

During the year under review, the Ministry cleared a proposal in principle for release of 12.32 lakhs to CCS Haryana Agriculture University, Hissar for upgradation of quality control and food analysis laboratory of the Department of Food Science and Technology of the university. The main objective of the proposal are to provide quality assurance and analytical services to the food processing industries, to undertake micro biological examination of various pathogen and mycotoxins and to estimate nutritional parameters including minerals, vitamins, food value in calories, protein carbohydrates, fats etc.

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACK)

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACK) is an important quality assurance system. This system ensures that the products are safe and of good quality. The system is extremely desirable in view of the changing scenario in the International trade. The Ministry provides grant of 50% subject to a limit of Rs.10 lakhs towards the cost of implementing Total Quality Management (TQM) including HACCP and ISO-9000 certifications.

This Ministry sponsored a one-day seminar and five day training programme organised by APEDA from 30th November to 5th December 1998 in collaboration with NSF-International strategic Registration Limited, USA, which is the main authority for certifying HACCP-9000. HACCP is an important requirement for ensuring the quality of products from health and safety aspects and is crucial for exports.

Filed in: food-and-diet